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Krylov Guri Asafovich (1805-1841)

Having lived only 36 years, Guri Asafovich Krylov rose from serfdom to the academic historical and portrait painting. But in an unfortunate accident until the mid XX century, his name was confused with the name of another student Venetsianov , Nikifora Stepanovich Krylov . So in the book "Venetsianov in the letters and memoirs of contemporaries artists" in the notes to the memories Mokritski, in the place where it comes N.S.Krylove give biographical information, GA Krylov. Even in the catalog of the Russian Museum in 1948 teacher of AA Alexeyev instead Nikifora Stepanovich named Guri Asafovich. Only in the 1953 article that appeared in the magazine "Art", TV Alexeyev first raises the question of the fate of the two painters.
raises the same subject, and AN Savinov, when he speaks about the work of NS Krylov in the book 1954 "Essays on the life and work of artists of the first half of the XIX century." Thus, the authors finally shed light on the life and work of the painter.

Guri Asafovich Krylov was a serf lieutenant Yegor Skudinova. According to those reports, which are reports of NN Wrangell in Article 1907, the artist comes to St. Petersburg in 1824. At that time, he lives with his owner in a government building of the Life Guards Grenadier Regiment. And since 24 August 1825 Krylov begins to attend as an artist volnoprihodyaschego classes at the Academy of Fine Arts. In the same year as he volnopraktikuyuschiysya on the recommendation of Mr. Grigorovich visit the Hermitage. And in 1826 Gury Asafovich members of the Society is patron of the artist his work - a copy of the "head" of Van Dyck. Creation of Krylov and earned positive reviews from February painter is officially under the protection of society.

By 1826 or early 1827's, is the product of (oil on cardboard) under the name "Kitchen". The date is determined by the creation of the work done since her March 11, 1827 lithography A. Kalashnikov (Tatiana Alexeeva found in the historical museum). Due to the fact that the author of the most picturesque lithography source is not specified, the identity of cardboard brush GA Krylov remains unproven, although the State Russian Museum, just as it indicates the alleged author of the work. There is no doubt that this work belongs to someone of the students or followers Venetsianov. This is indicated by scene selection (similar motif will be used by another student Venetsianov Mikhailov in his 1835 work "The Cook"), and also underlined the attention. "Love" for promising constructions, accurate transmission of natural light, the careful study of light and shade. As well as in his subsequent papers Guri Asafovich will adhere to the principles elaborated by AG Venetsianov, then this work could well be his. In addition, one can not ignore the fact that the light source (presumably a window), we do not see, is located somewhere on the left and uniformly illuminates the entire room like a relief emphasizing the shadows cast by objects. It is this motif was used by AG Venetsianov in its second version of the painting "Peasant Woman with cornflowers," and that is the motive, GA Wings will repeat in his later painting "Portrait of a merchant."

All the while, GA Krylov is still a serf. He gets his freedom only in July 1828, and in September it becomes svoekoshtnym (studying at their own expense) a student of Medical-Surgical Academy. However, the artist continues to attend drawing classes at the Academy of Fine Arts. By 1829 it is the product of "John the Baptist with the lamb" (a copy of the picture, "John the Baptist in the Desert").

In 1831 Krylov leaves the Medico-Surgical Academy and after 2 years presents to the faculty of the Academy of Arts of his work - a portrait of Vitovtova, over who gets the title of "free artist". In the 1830s, a painter working in the field of portraiture. But in 1836, the "designated GA Krylov "was given to the program in terms of historical painting, it had to portray" Moses, looking from the mountain to the promised land. " The painting was completed successfully and exhibited at the academic exhibition of 1836. And in 1839 for a portrait of VI Demuth-Malinovsky Guri Asafovich received the title of Academician. Recent works by the artist were two images: "hosts" and "12 annual holidays."

On the date of death of the painter was also a lot of controversy. NN Wrangell calls in 1850, but the report of the Academy of Fine Arts obit GA Krylov kept in 1841.

The artworks

Information provided by the student of the Department of Theory and History of Art of the Russian Academy of Arts Zaitseva Love,

artist Krylov Guri Asafovich , Russian artist Krylov Guri Asafovich , about the artist Krylov Guri Asafovich , Information about artist Krylov Guri Asafovich

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