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Alexander Makovsky (1869-1924)

Makovsky Alexander was born to a prominent Russian artist V. Makovsky (1846-1920 gg.) , nephew of the painters of Constantine , Nicholas , Alexandra Makovsky , a grandson of Yegor Makovsky.

Original art education in the family under the guidance of his father.

 In 1884 he entered the MUZhViZ, studying with I.M.Pryanishnikova , VDPolenov , VE Makovsky . In 1888 was awarded two small silver medals. In 1889, for the painting "Art lovers" was awarded the large silver medal and was released from school. In 1891-1893 he lived in Paris, studied at the School of Cormon's studio.  

 He graduated from the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1889), studied at the Academy of Fine Arts (1894-1895., Master Ilya Repin ).

 From 1897 he taught at the Higher Art and teaching courses at the Imperial Academy of Arts, was chairman of the competition committee to review the drawings of students in secondary schools. He painted landscapes, portraits, genre scenes.

 In 1887-1890 has visited Crimea. In 1886 he participated in exhibitions of the Moscow Society of Arts (up to 1900, with interruptions), the Society of Russian watercolors (1897).
 in 1893-1898 and in 1912 he exhibited his work at the Spring exhibition in the halls of the Academy of Fine Arts.
 Since 1893 - a member of the Moscow Association of Artists.
 In 1899 joined TPHV, participated in all exhibitions of the Association from 1894 to 1922 in 1907-1923 was a member of the board of the organization.

 Many traveled to Russia. Almost every year went to work in Pskov, Novgorod, on the Volga River. In 1910 he toured the Kama, and in 1912 went to North Russia, visited Vologda, Ferapontov and Cyril-Belozersky monastery, Arkhangelsk and Solovki. In 1911-1913 visited Italy and Germany.

 In 1911 he was elected an academician. In the same year he exhibited his paintings at the World Exhibition in Rome. In 1912 he took part in the IV International Congress in Dresden on teaching drawing and crafts.
 in 1913 was awarded a gold medal at the Munich Secession exhibition.
 In 1913-1919 he taught at the Higher Art School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in St. Petersburg, since 1914 - professor .

 In the 1910-1917 years. made several trips to the north of the province of Perm. Wrote a series of landscapes featuring rivers and Colva Vishery, historic cities and settlements Verkhnekamye: Solikamsk, p. Redikor, pos. Nyrob, p. Monastery.

 On the 39th exhibition TPHV presented 24 works Verkhnekamskoye cycle (1911), a 40-43rd exhibitions - 6 works (1912-1915)., Exhibitions, sketches and drawings in 1914 - 4 work, 1916 - 2 works in the 45th exhibition TPHV - 1 job.

  In 1919 he participated in the First State Free Exhibition of Works of Art in Petrograd.
 From 1920 he taught at the Naval College. He was a member of the Central Board of Geographic Museum. He worked in the book charts in 1922 Makovsky's work exhibited at the International Book Fair in Florence. In his last years he was Chairman of the Commission of Experts at the auction room and an art exhibition in the management of the Russian Red Cross. In 1924 he took part in one of the first exhibitions AHRR.

 He worked in landscapes, portraits, genre painting. He played a follower of Vladimir Makovsky and traditions of the Wanderers. However, unlike his father, he did not focus accusatory tone and sought to display everyday, ordinary life in all its manifestations. For works of Alexander Makovsky characteristic crisp, confident, though somewhat "dry" design, the limited range of colors, the attention to detail. His works are in private and museum collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Scientific Research Museum of Arts and others. Paintings by A. Makovsky, "Colva River" and "The River of Colva. Stone Fighter "(1910) are in the collection of the Perm State Art Gallery.

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