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Kibrik Adol'fovich Eugene (1906-1978)

As acknowledged by the artist himself, boundless love from an early age to reading, books, illustrations, identified in the future life choices and career.

Art education EA Kibrik at the Institute of Fine Arts in Odessa (1922-25) and Vhuteine ​​Leningrad (1925-27). Crucial to the creativity of the young artist was familiar as a student with a unique artist and teacher P. N. Filonov . Kibrik became his student, in 1926 he joined the staff based Filonov "Masters of Analytical Art" and the first independent work carried out under the strong influence of the artist (the illustrations for "Second Lieutenant Kizhe" Tynyanov, 1930, etc.).

The illustrations in the early 1930s. to the books of contemporary writers ("Neva story" DM Lavrukhina, 1933 "Heavy Division" AG Lebedenco, 1934, etc.), the artist produces already own energetic and tough style of drawing, tenaciously grasps visible features of the world.
But decisive for him was working on the book by R. Rolland "Bryunon Cola" (1934 - 36).

Kibrik attract full-blooded, one-piece epic characters, he gives his characters open, theatrical gesture, facial expression active, often using as sitters professional actors. He loves the large format, giving play to the natural freedom of movement. Rough, coarse touch his lithographs tight and juicy falls on the page of a book. So builds Kibrik and following his book - "The Legend of Eulenspiegel ..." Charles de Coster (1937-38).

The Great Patriotic War reinforced the desire of the artist to the heroic themes and drew his attention to the Russian classics: "Taras Bulba" by Nikolai Gogol (1944-45). Less successful was the attempt to apply the method worked out by the artist to Russian epics ("heroic epic" 1948 - 50), where the fabulous convention bad characters get along with the desire to put their living flesh and place in a real space.

Monumental drama and heroics of his best books of the 1930s and 40s. artist remained faithful and in later works: "How the Steel Was Tempered" N. Ostrovsky (1953-56), "Boris Godunov" by Alexander Pushkin (1959-64), "Portrait" by Nikolai Gogol (1973 - 77). Significant place in the life of Kibrik engaged in teaching. For twenty-five years (1953-78), he was a professor at Moscow State Art Institute, led the workshop easel.

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