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Yuon Konstantin Fedorovich (1875-1958)

The fate strongly favored KF Yuonu. He lived a long life. He was an extremely happy marriage. Ambient loved him. He never had to deal with the need. Success came to him very early and always accompanied him. After the revolution, honors, high honors, titles, leadership positions as if looking for it themselves.

Adversity was less - is falling out for several years with his father (an employee of the bank) because of his marriage Juon a peasant girl and the early death of one of his sons.

In 1892, he entered the Moscow School of Painting Huon, where he studied with K. Savitsky , N. Kasatkina , A. Arkhipov , V. Serov .

The audience saw his pictures still on the student shows and buy up their so readily that the student was able to take a trip Huon in Russia and Europe.

Subsequently, his paintings were always welcome and exhibitions Wanderers, and exhibitions "World of Art" and CPX (of which he was). Written about him leading critics and art historians of his time - AN Benoit , I. Grabar , P. Muratov, then A Efros, M., D. E. Arkin ... He himself acted as an art with works of art by Russian artists, the technique of painting, about art education.

Shortly after graduating from college Huon began teaching and doing it all his life, earning a great appreciation of his students, among whom were the VI Mukhina, animal painter-sculptor VA Vatagin etc.

Huon left a lot of work at various levels. He was a painter, graphic artist and stage designer. I tried to picture myself in the subject, he painted portraits of his contemporaries, but his true calling was landscape painting. Like other masters of the CPX, Huon learned some principles of the French impressionists, not breaking with the traditions of Russian realism of the second half of the XIX century., That is not a "solution" is the shape of objects in the environment. Like A. Ryabushkin and B. Kustodiev , he loved Russian antiquity, its decorative and colorful.

In his memory came the discovery of ancient iconography. Restorers are clear icons and found a bright, clear colors. All this has contributed to the formation of manners Juon. He loved the joy and beauty of nature and life, most readily portrayed the sun, snow, bright folk costumes, the monuments of ancient architecture ("Trinity Lavra in Winter", "Spring sunny day", both of 1910 "March sun", 1915).
great fame enjoying his painting "The Dome and swallows. Assumption Cathedral, Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius" (1921). This is a panoramic landscape, written from the bell tower of the Cathedral of clear summer evening at sunset. Under the warm air is prospering land, and in the foreground illuminated by the sun shining domes with golden crosses patterned. The very motive is not only very beautiful, but also dare to fight a new era of ruthless power of the church.

By historical themes - the Revolution and World War II - Huon also fits through the landscape, and, generally, to striving to be extremely significant ("Before coming to the Kremlin. Nikolsky Gate 2 (15), November 1917", 1926, "The parade on Red Square in Moscow November 7, 1941 ", 1942). Among recent works Juon identifies those that are written in Ligachovo village near Moscow, where the artist had a house and where he worked from 1908 to 1958 ("The end of winter. Noon", 1929, "Russian winter. Ligachovo", "open window . Ligachovo ", both 1947), and those that are written in the memoirs of his youth, and are associated with the poetic side of life and living conditions of old Moscow, brought up artist (" Feeding the pigeons on the Red Square in 1890-1900, "1946).

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