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Alexei Chernyshev Filipovich (1824-1863)

Chernyshev (Alex Philippovich 1824 - 1863) - painter, genre painter, son of the Orenburg wimp as a child practicing in painting under the guidance of the old man's first icon painter, and then - one of his relatives. Head of the Orenburg region, VA Perovskite, highlighting the 17-year-old boy, sent him in 1841 in St. Petersburg and helped him to enter the Academy of Fine Arts pensioner society to promote artists.

The academy Chernyshev was a student of Professor MN Vorobyov and initially studied landscape, but then turned to the image of domestic scenes.

Since 1848, the development of his talent quickly moved forward to receiving this year's silver medal for "View in Finland," he is a year after he was awarded a large medal for "domestic scenes of Finnish vernacular life," and a year later won a small gold medal for his painting "Farewell officer who is leaving with his family," and finally, in 1851, released from the Academy with the rank of class artist and a gold medal awarded to him for a written program picture: "Engagement." All of these works, as well as a picture of "Organ Grinder", was on the academic exhibition in 1852 (which is now a public museum in Moscow), and especially entertaining, lively graceful figures Chernyshev, shows his intelligence and subtle powers of observation and the flow rate in large numbers by albums the highest royalty and Art Lovers (they bought him the title of court painter with a salary of 600 rubles a year), allowed to expect from him in the future works more workshops.

Sadly, these expectations are not met. As pet Academy Award-large gold medal, Chernyshev in 1853 went to further his improvement to Italy with the content of the government and settled in Rome. Here he continued to work, but not with the same perseverance and success. The reason for that befell the beginning of his serious illness - a softening of the brain. Dejected hypochondria, and the weakening of rheumatic pains, he sought healing in Vienna, in the north of France and in Switzerland, but in vain illness undermined his irrepressible nature and at the same time killing his talent.

Executed in foreign lands paintings Chernyshev, "Roman pifferari before Madonna" (located in the Moscow public museum), "Attack of the Italian gangsters on the coach," "Fish Market in Brittany" and others were much weaker than his previous works. Although the academy, on his return in 1860 from abroad, it has erected for them in the title of Academician. After he became more and more lost its ability to work and gradually died down, was finally placed in the Petersburg Stein institution for the mentally ill, where he died.

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