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Rams Rossine Vladimir Davidovich

Rams Rossine Vladimir Davidovich (real name Baranov Shulim Wolf Leib, alias Daniel Rossine, 1888, the village of Bolshaya Lepatiha, Tauride, - 1944?), Russian-French painter, sculptor, inventor, musician. In the 1902-1903 years. studied at the Odessa Art School, where he met with N. Altman , in the years 1903-1907. - The Higher Art School at the Academy of Fine Arts (according to other sources, the Academy of Fine Arts) in St. Petersburg.

In the years 1907-10. together with M. Larionov , Natalia Goncharova , D. Burliuk , Alexandra Exter and others participated in the first exhibitions of Russian avant-garde, "Stefanos" (Moscow, 1907-1908), "Link" (Kiev, 1908), "Garland Stefanos" (St. Petersburg, 1909), "The Impressionists" (St. Petersburg, Vilnius, Berlin, 1909-10).

In 1909-10 years. Rams Rossine made a long trip to Europe and settled in Paris, where in the years 1910-14. exhibited at the Salon d'Automne, the Salon of independent and avant-garde exhibitions in Zurich and Amsterdam. Was associated with the terms of the poet G. Apollinaire, was friends with Robert Delaunay and Sonia Delaunay, took an active part in the artistic life of the French avant-garde.

In the years 1914-17. Rams Rossine lived in Norway in the works of this period ("Horsemen of the Apocalypse," "Adam and Eve" and others) significantly influence the mystical art of E. Munch.
in 1916 in Christiania (Oslo), he had a solo exhibition.

In 1917, after the February Revolution Baranov-Rossine returned to Russia. Like many other artists of the Russian avant-garde, he was enthusiastic about revolutionary changes in the country and had high hopes for the free development of art. In 1918, the Art Bureau Dobychina N. in St. Petersburg held a solo exhibition Baranova-Rossine, the same year his works were exhibited at the Moscow Exhibition of paintings and sculptures by Jewish artists.

In 1918 Baranov-Rossine was active in the artistic life of the country has been a member of the board of the Petrograd on the Arts and the art industry, has worked in the Department of Fine Arts of the People's Commissariat, which was in charge of D. Schr, participated along with N. Altman in the design of Petrograd to 1 anniversary of the October Revolution (panel "A Red-drummer", "Marching Red Army", "365 revolutionary days"). During these years he was engaged in teaching activities: guided painting workshop at the Petrograd free educational and art workshops, and after moving to Moscow (1919) taught at the Higher State, where in 1920-21. was a professor and dean.

In 1923-24. Rams Rossine, embodying the idea of ​​Scriabin on the synthesis of music and color, designed Clavier "Optofonik" (patented in France in 1926), each of which corresponded to the key not only to a certain sound, but also the colors projected on the screen. In Moscow, and later in Paris were built the first tsvetomuzykalnye concerts.

In 1925, with the intensification of attacks on leftist art Baranov-Rossine emigrated and settled in Paris, where he exhibited annually in the Salon of the Independent. In his work, he continued to experiment with developing new plastic principle in painting and sculpture, based on the use of the Mobius loop, addressed the surreal imagery ("Spring", 1930), created polychrome abstract shapes of different materials ("Polytechnique sculpture", 1933) etc. During this period, Baranov-Rossine made a number of technical inventions. In particular, hromofotometr (a device for analyzing the quality of precious stones), "multiperko" (a device that allows you to produce and purify chemical solutions, patented in 1934), chameleon-method (a method for masking troops, patented in 1939).

In November 1943, Baranov-Rossine was captured and sent to one of the Nazi concentration camps. According to some accounts, he was killed in 1944

 Retrospective exhibition Baranova-Rossine held in Paris (1954, 1970, 1972-73, 1984) and London (1970), his works were exhibited at international exhibitions "Paris-Moscow" (1979, Paris) and the "Moscow-Paris" (1980 / 81, Moscow), "The Great Utopia" (1992, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, New York), "From Malevich to Kabakov" (1993/94, Cologne). Baranova-Rossine work presented at the Museum of Modern Art (New York), the Centre Pompidou (Paris), the Tretyakov Gallery (Moscow), Russian Museum (St. Petersburg), Museum Ludwig (Cologne) and in private collections.

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