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Gardeners Vasily (1800-1879)

Name VS Sadovnikov occupies a central place among the artists who have dedicated their work image of Saint Petersburg.

He lived a long life. And if his early watercolors and lithographs depicting Russian capital since Pushkin, Gogol, then later appears Petersburg Dostoevsky, NG Pomyalovsky.

The most famous work of the artist, "Panorama of Nevsky Prospect" (1830), known in art history as "Panorama Sadovnikov" originally done in watercolor was almost 16-meter length, then transferred to lithographic stone and released by the publisher AM Prevost . Right (shadow) side of the Nevsky lithographed in 1830 IA Ivanov, left (solar) - P. Ivanov in 1835

The accuracy with which the Gardeners captures the main street of the capital, admired contemporaries, who believed that the artist has created "the most like portrait of a handsome ... Nevsky Prospect." In this mature work emerged Sadovnikov the main features of his work. Accuracy, it can be said in the documentary image of the urban landscape does not cut it kind of poetic mood. Petersburg in the transfer Sadovnikov - lively city inhabited by many people of different classes. So those are right who think the artist is equally vidopistsem and genre painter.

The life of the capital city of the artist watched since childhood. The Castle of Princess Galitzine NP, which served as the prototype of Pushkin old Countess in "The Queen of Spades", Gardeners among domestic servants lived in her St. Petersburg home. He received his freedom only in the early 1830s., After the death of Princess.
While thirty-eight Gardeners was already a famous artist. The ability to draw from Sadovnikov emerged early. Apparently had some influence on it's older brother Peter, the future academician of architecture, the boy was sent to a training A. Voronikhin, renowned architect and academician perspective painting.

Of great importance for Sadovnikov had his part in the 1823-27 years. lithographed in coloring types Petersburg and its suburbs, issued OPH. Due to this society, to support many talented serf, Gardeners met painter and lithographer who later played an important role in his life. Thus, K. P. Beggrov in 1830. lithographed many originals Sadovnikov painter M. N. Vorobiev , who led jointly with A. Venetsianov work on the coloring of lithographs in OPH, in 1837, he headed the Academy of Arts for an auditor promising class - this is the time Gardeners preparing its policy work on the title of the artist.

Gardeners was a good genre painter and a master of images of interiors. In addition, he has traveled extensively in Russia: visited Moscow, Revel, Vilna, Helsingfors, Novgorod and Tambov. Last Known now Sadovnikov sheet depicting a peasant's hut interior is dated 1873 and has the inscription: "Tambov".

Sadovnikov heritage dates back several hundred sheets. Among them are not only complete songs, but a lot of preparatory drawings and sketches from nature such, for example, the artist notes: "The day was clear and sunny." For decades, creative manner Sadovnikov changed. In the 1840s. he wrote his most successful watercolors. They are characterized by jewelry and fine attention to detail, a harmonious color scheme. By the end of the 1850s. Gardeners have worked differently: Figure it became freer, bolder color - active. The individual sheets are characterized by excessively open color, almost variegated.

However, the artist's skill has increased markedly. Some decline was observed only in 1860., But Gardeners nevertheless continued to work actively. So, in 1862 he performed with the panorama of St. Petersburg Pulkovo heights for competitive album of watercolors of the 100th anniversary of the Academy of Arts. Artist died at the venerable age and was buried in St. Petersburg on Mitrofanevskoe cemetery.

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