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Baturin Viktor Pavlovich (1863-1938)

He was born on October 1, 1863 in the village of Stanovoi Zherdevsky parish Novosilskogo County, Tula gubernii.Otets - Buchanan Paul Petrovich, from a wealthy noble family. He graduated from Orlovsky Bakhtin Cadet Corps. Military Sciences did not interest him, but still a cadet, he was sent to war in Sevastopol. But their regiment did not have time to take part in the war, as peace was concluded and the regiment returned. Upon returning regiment Paul Petrovich resigned and went to get, where he engaged in the device ravaged economy.
's mother - Anna Nikiforovna Nikishin (other sources Sobolev), born in 1843, at age 14 - fortress in the house of the landowner Praskov'ia Ivanovna Baturina.
Praskovja I. woman was overbearing, ugly. Her husband Peter was the guardian of orphans and some of their credulity, most of the money for the orphanage to increase their income gave a promissory note. A bill he had not paid, the money he had, and he committed suicide.
Pyotr Petrovich and Praskov'ia Ivanovna had two sons, John and Paul (father Victor Pavlovich), and two daughters, Helen and Adelaide. Helen married Pashkov Mikhail Nikolayevich, and Adelaide for Anuchina Alexis. Son Ivan during the Crimean Company participated in the capture of the fortress of Kars and the horrors of war was crazy until his death, he lived in became.
Temporarily obliged Anna Nikiforovna continued in the service of the landowner, fell in love with Paul Petrovich and at age 19, October 1, 1863, gave birth to son, Victor, for which a chorus of the manor was deported in cattle-hut, where she lived with her ​​son. Praskovja Ivanovna not allowed to marry Paul Petrovich land. At that time, he already had two children, a son and a daughter, Mary Victor. As an illegitimate child, Victor P. bore the name for the godfather - Ivanov. In the end, Paul Petrovich left his mother and went to serve the landlord Dzyakava manager. The mother had deprived him of his inheritance. Only after the death Praskov'ia Ivanovna Viktor Pavlovich parents were married. Pavel Petrovich began working as estate manager to become, that belonged to his sisters, Helen and Adelaide.
Viktor Pavlovich went to school for peasant children, and was later admitted to a vocational school in the city of Orel. Here for the first time revealed his thirst for painting, he took extra lessons in drawing, pencil and watercolor paints and art teacher P.G.Nekrasov Savelov and encouraged him to enter the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In 1882, he was forced out of 5 - grade of a secondary school and autumn 1882 on the competitive examination was admitted to the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (MUZHVZ).

His teachers were Paul S. Sorokin, Sergei Ivanov - a sculpture, Hilary M. Prianishnikov, Pavel the tenth - painting. Painting class taught by a full-scale: Vladimir Makovsky and Yevgraf Semenovich Sorokin , Vasily Polenov . Then he added in painting and drawing: Claudius V. Lebedev and Nikolai Nevrev . Viktor Pavlovich was released from the educational sciences, as the program of the Real School 5th grade school painting consistent with the program, with the exception of special items. Art history taught Efron Luchshev, linear perspective and shadow Portogenovich taught Alexander Popov, the human anatomy - the rector of Moscow University Smirnov. Ranger class was Mzhedlov Alexander Z.. Director of the school was Lev Zhemchuzhnikov. Each month had exams in art, and the best drawings were selected and students at the end of the year on these figures students to the next grade. At the Christmas break at school pupils arranged an exhibition of paintings, sculpture and architecture.

In Moscow, Viktor Pavlovich studied and lived on a very limited means of getting from parents 07.10 rubles. month. He lived at that time in Lyapinskaya hostel. He's lived his schoolmates: Baron Klodt Nicholas and Eugene A., Alexis Corinne and Vasily Meshkov Nikitivich. At leisure, Viktor Pavlovich engaged in copying paintings in the Tretyakov Gallery and the Rumyantsev Museum. He began ordering copies of paintings, and has its first earnings. Finally he began to make money and he ceased to be dependent on the extremely poor living parents. By the time the parents in the family, except for Viktor Pavlovich had 6 brothers - Sergey, Alex, Anatoly, Vladimir, Nicholas, Michael and 5 sisters - Mary, Catherine, Natalie, Olga and Elizabeth.
In 1884, he was assigned to the petty-bourgeois society Orlovsky to serve his compulsory military service and was enrolled in the militia warriors 2nd category.

School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, he graduated in 1888 and was the last time in the student exhibition gave him 1500 rubles. In newspapers and thick journals "The Artist" and "Russian Thought" was published a good review of the work of Viktor Pavlovich.
Shortly after graduating from college, he built himself into becoming a workshop, here he wrote a lot of pictures.
summer went to the sketches in the Crimea, on the Caucasus, Ukraine, Palanga, Smolensk, Kaluga, Moscow, Tula province, etc. In Moscow, he lived his father's friend, attorney Kupriyanov HW, took great interest in the fate of Viktor Pavlovich. According to Buchanan, he has advised Viktor Pavlovich work under the direction of Gregory G. Myasoedova and introduced me to him. Under the direction and at the invitation of Gregory G. Myasoedova worked at his country house at Pavlenko at Poltava. Wrote a lot from nature. This essay was written for the film "Felling" exposed Viktor Pavlovich student on his last show. The painting was sold on the first day of the show. Study for this painting was bought PM Tretyakov and is now located at the Tretyakov Gallery.
participated in three exhibitions of the Association of the Wanderers (TPVH). (St. Petersburg and Moscow - 19th March-May, 1891, 20th February - May, 1892 and 35th January - March 1907). He was one of the organizers of the Moscow Association of Artists mobile. These exhibitions have visited the cities of Orel, Tver, Yaroslavl and others took part in the exhibitions of the St. Petersburg Society of Artists - a member of the society since 1910. With an exhibition of paintings of St. Petersburg society, his painting "Garden of Flowers", was purchased for the Winter Palace.

A few years after graduation, Viktor Pavlovich decided to go to study at the St. Petersburg Academy. Gathering all his sketches, he went to St. Petersburg to watch for Antropov Kuindzhi . Who knew Baturina, the rector of the Academy of Vladimir Makovsky submitted it Kuindzhi . When the inspection sketches Kuindzhi Viktor Pavlovich hugged and said, "Go, work in the summer and autumn come directly to my studio." Buchanan was very happy to get such a good review of his work from that of the great landscape painter, as Kuindzhi. Unfortunately, this study failed because of a lack of money at the time to live in St. Petersburg. Viktor Pavlovich was forced to stay in Moscow.

In 1888-90 worked as an interior decorator of the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, together with other artists: Egorevym Nikolai Nikolayevich Sergeyev , Sawicki et al. From 1890 to 1911, was a teacher of drawing at a private school in Moscow Vishnevskaya. From 1911 to 1914, was in the service (draftsman) Polyakov at the factory in Moscow. During this time he wrote a cover over the auditorium of the Moscow theater Shelaputinsky (not preserved after a fire). Trims in Moscow mansions in various styles. Painted Church in Moscow and the factory Polyakov Gubaylove (about art. Pavshino).

During this period, Moscow increasingly recognize Viktor Pavlovich, works from the exhibitions he never had to take back all the pictures taken shows and sold them and materially Viktor Pavlovich lived well. Significant amounts of money he sent to parents - through him all the brothers and sisters were educated.

His paintings were exhibited at the All-Russia Exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod (1896) ("The sectarian cemetery"), at the World's Fair in St. Louis (1904), the exhibition of his works in Berline.Neskolko before the revolution were in the Rumyantsev Museum, Tsvetkovskaia gallery.

He painted mostly landscapes and still lifes (oil, watercolor): "Bad weather", "Spring Day", "Sunset (1885, Museum-Estate VDPolenov)," Felling "(1888, Gos.Tretyakovskaya gallery) * , "Mountain Landscape" (ibid.), "Among spotted" (~ 1892), "On the Farm", "Moscow River" (1909, Irkutsk Regional Art Museum), "Spring twilight" (1910, ibid), " Wildflowers "(1910, Ulyanovsk Regional thin. Museum)," House of Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana "(1911, Lev Tolstoy Museum in Moscow)," Patio at Yasnaya Polyana "," Landscape in Crimea "( 1912 Tula Regional thin. Museum), "House forester" (1926, ibid), "Wild Flowers" (1937), "The Garden of Flowers" (~ 1911), "Seashore. Koktebel bay "(1913 Tryndinyh in the family)," Seashore. Rocks at Semeize "(1913, ibid)," River in the Mountains "(1923)," Mountain Valley "(1925)," Landscape. River Valley "(1900-1910), etc.

Very well have been met by the artistic community of his paintings: "Holiday Corner," "On the Farm," "Early Spring", "pond", presented by the periodic exhibition in the Historical Museum in Moscow in January 1903, as well as paintings, "May Morning" "Rainy Night", "early spring", "yellowing cornfield", presented by the periodic exhibition in Moscow in the Historical Museum in January 1904. On the anniversary XXX periodic exhibition of paintings in the years 1910-11, they were exhibited paintings, "Flower Garden," "Late Flowers", "lodge." In Moscow, he lived: in 1896 - Miasnitskaya Street. Spiritual Consistory house, furnished rooms, № 30, in 1901-02 - Sushchevskaya part, the Ivanovo lane. Poletaevo house.

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